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The M16 rifle, officially designated Rifle, Caliber 5.56 mm, M16, is a United States military adaptation of the ArmaLite AR-15 rifle.[12][13][14][n 1] The original M16 was a selective fire 5.56mm rifle with a 20-round magazine.

In 1964, the M16 entered U.S. military service and the following year was deployed for jungle warfareoperations during the Vietnam War.[1] In 1969, the M16A1 replaced the M14 rifle to become the U.S. military's standard service rifle.[17][18] The M16A1 improvements include a bolt-assist, chrome plated bore and a new 30-round magazine.[1]

In 1983, the U.S. Marine Corps adopted the M16A2 rifle and the U.S. Army adopted it in 1986. The M16A2 fires the improved 5.56×45mm NATO (M855/SS109) cartridge and has a new adjustable rear sight, case deflector, heavy barrel, improved handguard, pistol grip and buttstock, as well as a semi-auto and three-round burst only fire selector.[19][20] Adopted in 1998, the M16A4 is the fourth generation of the M16 series.[21] It is equipped with a removable carrying handle and Picatinny rail for mounting optics and other ancillary devices.

A M16 is seen used by several punks towards the end of Death Wish 3. Paul Kersey also uses this gun in Death Wish 4.

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